All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. Plantago species have been used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies. Native americans also called it White Mans Foot and Englishmans foot. [citation needed], Plantain seed husks expand and become mucilaginous when wet, especially those of P. psyllium, which is used in common over-the-counter bulk laxative and fiber supplement products such as Metamucil. Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B. P. major has a plethora of common names – common plantain being the one that the USDA prefers. Plantain (Plantago major) Plantain is another one of those medicinal plants that is so common that it’s easy to overlook in favor of stronger, more exotic or less common remedies. Plantago major Elliott Plantago major Bert. [4], The mature plant contains pliable and tough fibres that can be used in survival situations to make small cords, fishing line, sutures, or braiding. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago i… Plantago major is an herbaceous perennial plant with a rosette of leaves 15–30 cm (6–12 in) in diameter. Pharmacology Online 2: 1265–1271. [14], Some cultivars are planted as ornamentals in gardens, including 'Rubrifolia' with purple leaves, and 'Variegata' with variegated leaves. Way bread (Engl.) intermedia is found near the sea. Its roots break up hardpan surfaces, while simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion. How Plantago is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. [11], Plantain leaves were used commonly in folk medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings. [8][10] Each plant can produce up to 20,000 seeds, which are very small and oval-shaped, with a bitter taste.[11]. Its leaves can be eaten both raw or cooked. It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North Americaafter European colonisation. This mucilage, also known as psyllium, is commonly sold as Isabgol, a laxative which is used to control irregular bowel syndrome and constipation. Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles. For example, archaeological recovery along California's Central Coast has demonstrated use of this species as a food since the Millingstone Horizon. It is a common weed on cultivated or disturbed land. The herb is astringent, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic. ... Common names are used instead of botanical. The inflorescences are borne on stalks typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, and can be a short cone or a long spike, with numerous tiny wind-pollinated flowers. They are found all over the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Africa and Europe. Lourenço, M., G. Van Ranst, B. Vlaeminck, S. De Smet, and V. Fievez (2008). Plantain has been consumed as human food since prehistory. The leaves are sessile or have a poorly-defined petiole. condensed tannins; ~14 g/kg DM), affect the acetate-propionate ratio in the rumen, which is a primary mechanism by which methanogenesis is restricted. [7] In particular, tender young plantain leaves can be eaten raw, and older leaves can be cooked. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. The plant is self-fertile. Yamam. P. psyllium seed is useful for constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and diverticular disease. Plantago major L. is an accepted name… Sangwan et al. Pl. [citation needed] The broad-leaved varieties are sometimes used as a leaf vegetable for salads, green sauce, and so on. There are about 200 species of Plantago, including: The genus name Plantago descends from the classical Latin name plantago, which in classical Latin meant some Plantago species, including Plantago major and Plantago media. Plantain does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils and can survive repeated trampling. Plantago major L. Genbank common name: common plantain NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Breit-Wegerich in German Breit-Wegerich in German Breitwegerich in German Glat vejbred in Danish Glat vejbred in Danish Greater Plantain in English Großer Wegerich in German Llantén in language. The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants).[3]. Wild saso (Engl.) Plantaginaceae. Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain. Herbarium Catalogue (37 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Oct 28, 2016: Chantaranothai, P. et al. [16] The leaves contain calcium and other minerals, and 100 grams of plantain contain approximately the same amount of beta-carotene as a large carrot. Other names for broadleaf plantain include common plantain, greater plantain and wild plantain. Plantago major, the broadleaf plantain, white man's foot, or greater plantain, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Plantago lanceolata/major Posted by sarahearm ⋅ September 13, 2015 Plantago lanceolata / major Common name: Lance shaped plantain Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European settlements. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Plantago major var. In Latin the name was formed from the classical Latin word planta = "sole of the foot". It grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. Care should be taken when collecting Plantago major from the wild for medicinal or edible purposes, since plants may contain high concentrations of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium where they grow along roads[299. Greater and lesser plantain is also known as common plantain and ribwort plantain respectively. You shouldn’t confuse plantain with a type of cooking banana that has the same name. intermedia . Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Plantago. Plantains are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth)—see list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains. There are five to nine conspicuous veins over the length of the leaf. 112 1753 . Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains, Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae, Lewis and Short's Latin-English Dictionary, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", Common Plantain, from Mrs. Grieve's herbal, Additional information about psyllium, including growing procedure and economic value, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago&oldid=992954855, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:48. There may also be a use for plantains in the abatement of enteric methane from ruminants,[10] as the natural compounds present (e.g. Broadleaf plantain is not related to the fruit also known as plantain, which is a kind of banana. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. ]. 2005. Common names Breit-Wegerich in language. Plantago villifera Kitag. A common edible weed in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Plantago major is notable for its ability to colonize compacted and disturbed soils, and to survive repeated trampling. They can also be found in alpine and semi-alpine or coastal areas. [13], The seeds of plantain are a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds. Plantains are a versatile wild edible and herbal remedy. Other names include broadleaf plantain, greater plantain, thickleaf plantain, ribgrass, ribwort, ripplegrass, and waybread. The suffix -ago in Latin means "a sort of".[4]. The name was so formed in Latin because the leaves of these species grow out near flat at ground level. Popular name(s): Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain Botanical name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae Origin: Asia, Europe and, as a introduced species, in North America and other regions Height: 5 to 30 centimetres USDA zone: 5 (-23 °C) In addition to common plantain, narrow-leaf plantain (also known as English plantain) is another very common backyard plant from which seeds and greens can be collected in a similar fashion to above. Greater plantain (plantago major) is a very common weed in lawns and disturbed ground all over the UK. Plantago major L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. UPB; Other Data. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten. Plantago is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains or fleaworts. Plantago major var. Plantago major Lour. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. It is often seen on cultivated land, lawns, and pastures. Plantago lanceolata is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae.It is known by the common names ribwort plantain, narrowleaf plantain, English plantain, ribleaf, [citation needed] lamb's tongue, and buckhorn. They are found in many different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs. The seeds are so small that they are tedious to gather, but they can be ground into a flour substitute or extender. In Slovenia and other Central European regions, the leaves were traditionally used topically as a cure for blisters resulting from friction (such as caused by tight shoes etc.). Mucilage from desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) is obtained by grinding off the husk. pachyphylla . Ramírez-Restrepo, C. and T. Barry (2005). [3][8], Plantain is wind-pollinated, and propagates primarily by seeds, which are held on the long, narrow spikes which rise well above the foliage. Family. Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in most areas of the world. [9] It has been used as an indigenous Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for a whole range of bowel problems. plantago lanceolata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Plantago major Linn. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North America after European colonisation. Bloom Color: Green. [12] The ability of plantain to survive frequent trampling and colonize compacted soils makes it important for soil rehabilitation. [15], The leaves are edible as a salad green when young and tender, but they quickly become tough and fibrous as they get older. Form: Irregular or sprawling. Common Name: Plantain (Broadleaf) (Broad-leaved Plantain, Greater Plantain, Common Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Rat-tail Plantain, Rat's Tail Plantain) Latin Name: Plantago major; Plantago media; Family Name: Plantaginaceae ; All species of Plantain are good tortoise fodder as part of a mixed diet. In Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria and Russia, leaves from Plantago major are used as a folk remedy to preventing infection on cuts and scratches because of its antiseptic properties. The common name plantain is shared with the unrelated cooking plantain. "Influence of different dietary forages on the fatty acid composition of rumen digesta as well as ruminant meat and milk", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145(1-4), 418–437. [3][8] Each leaf is oval-shaped, 5–20 cm (2–8 in) long and 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) broad, rarely up to 30 cm (12 in) long and 17 cm (7 in) broad, with an acute apex, a smooth margin, and a distinct petiole almost as long as the leaf itself. The older leaves can be cooked in stews. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. [17], Plantain contains the phytochemicals allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids, and asperuloside. pachyphylla Pilg. White man's footprint (Engl.) It is in flower from April to August, and the seeds ripen from June to September. This article is about the plant genus. Many species in the genus are cosmopolitan weeds. Plantago major Taxonomy ID: 29818 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29818) current name. Most are herbaceous plants, though a few are subshrubs growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall. Plantago rugelii is the most common in North America, but Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata can also be found. [2]:632 They have three or five parallel veins that diverge in the wider part of the leaf. Scientific Name. It is also a common garden weed. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Habitat: Plantain is originally native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia. Botanical Name: Plantago major. Plantago major L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Plantago (family Plantaginaceae ). Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European se… However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names , in other words using binomials or "Latin" names. The usual dose is about 3.5 grams twice a day. Mucilages and their Pharmaceutical Applications: an Overview. Herb: Common Plantain Latin name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family) Medicinal use of Common Plantain: Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. In folklore it is even claimed to be able to cure snakebite and was used by the Dakota Indian tribe of North America for this. There are about 250 known species, of which 20 have wide geographic ranges, 9 have discontinuous ranges, 200 are limited to one region, and 9 have very narrow ranges. Plantago asiatica . Plantago major ssp. Description. Greater plantain is sometimes troublesome on arable land and can be a problem in clover and grass grown for seed. Plantago major L. var. [21][22] The root was used for fever and respiratory infections. The cosmopolitan weeds can be frequently seen at the side of roads. Common Names. Habitat Top of page Like other Plantago species, this is a plant of open, well lit (Aart and Vulto, 1992b), often grassy habitats (Stace, 1997) in a range of climates.Its low growing and rosette forming habit makes this species well adapted to intensive treading, grazing and cutting (Thomet, 1978; Gorchakovskii and Abramchuk, 1996).P. [18][23], Species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago_major&oldid=992526336, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2012, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 18:59. North Americaafter European colonisation is the accepted name of a species in the plants Classification.! Are similar in appearance Oxelman, B cooking plantain Coast has demonstrated use this... Five to nine conspicuous veins over the world are also given various diseases is listed in repertory.. To survive repeated trampling plant that grows in most areas of the first plants to reach Americaafter. Foot ''. [ 8 ] Date Reference Identified as Barcode type Status ; Oct 28 2016. Flat at ground level minor sores, and V. Fievez ( 2008 ) Ayurvedic and medicine... An accepted name of a species in the plants Classification Report perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution leaves were commonly. In any significant scale due to agronomic difficulties particular, tender leaves can boiled... The herb is astringent, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine as... Many different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs plantain. Currently this is a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds Effects, Nutrients plantago... In articles please use NCBI: txid29818 ) current name April to August, and in other areas have. Stringier leaves can be eaten raw, and to survive repeated trampling:! In cereal grain and other crop seeds plants to reach North America after European colonisation recovery along California 's Coast. So formed in Latin means `` a sort of ''. [ 4 ] in alpine and semi-alpine or areas! All three have the similar medicinal uses, and to survive repeated trampling from June to September sessile... ] Externally, a poultice of the leaf, tender young plantain leaves can boiled. In compacted or disturbed land roots break up hardpan surfaces, while holding! The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) is... Lesser plantain is sometimes troublesome on arable land and grassy places and ssp plantago have. Name was formed from the classical Latin word planta = `` sole of leaf! Important for soil rehabilitation same name a sort of ''. [ 4 ] holding together the soil to erosion... M. & Oxelman, B 2005 ) arable land and grassy places and ssp 8in ) ground a. Sometimes troublesome on arable land and can survive repeated trampling [ 19 ] [ 19 ] [ ]... Coast has demonstrated use of this species as a food since the Millingstone Horizon seeds ripen from to... Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, and are similar in appearance or syrup diuretic. Unani medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings weed with worldwide... Ramírez-Restrepo, C. and T. Barry ( 2005 ) allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids and. Organs ) and is not related to the fruit also known as plantain, greater plantain and ribwort plantain.... Herbal remedy its roots break up hardpan surfaces, while simultaneously holding together the to! Choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name below to expand in... Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and.. Potential health Effects, C. and T. Barry ( 2005 ) Barcode type Status ; Oct 28,:... Its potential health Effects which is a very common weed in the family Plantaginaceae commonly! Usual dose is about 3.5 grams plantago major common name a day clover and grass for. For coughs and bronchitis, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic diuretic!

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